Tunisie: Le Budget Participatif: Un pas vers la démocratie locale en Tunisie (expérience de la commune de Sfax)
Le Budget Participatif est défini souvent comme « un processus de démocratie directe à travers lequel les citoyens décident de manière souveraine et indépendante, avec l’accord de la commune, sur une partie du budget et des dépenses de leur commune ».
After more than a year of civil war, almost four years of fraught transition, and months of intensive U.N.-led negotiations, Libyans are poised to form a Government of National Accord (GNA) and begin the process of reunifying the country.
For years, Morocco has relied on multiple identity systems, each highly developed in its own way. In the late 1970s, the government introduced a national identity system.
The World Bank recently announced a US$200 million operation to support ongoing reforms in Morocco to make government more efficient and more accountable to its citizens. The Transparency and Accountability Development Policy Loan (DPL) is the second operation of a comprehensive program designed to assist the government in laying the foundations for meeting the governance goals outlined in the new Constitution.
The Arab Spring and its aftermath have inspired much discussion of the social contracts that have defined the relationship between citizens and the state in the Arab world. In the past, the typical social contract of a state in the Middle East or North Africa broadly afforded that citizens would be provided jobs and public services, and presumably political stability, in return for limiting civil liberties that could be used to challenge governing regimes.
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya